School Improvement in Maryland

Sample Item
Brief Constructed Response Item for Grade 3

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Topic A. Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 4. Determine important ideas and messages in informational texts

Objective g. Draw conclusions and inferences and make generalizations and predictions from text

Assessment limit: From the text or a portion of the text

Read the article 'Follow That Horse' and answer the following question.


Explain how information in the article shows how Cuddles changed Dan's life. In your response, use information from the article that supports your explanation.


Sample Student Response #1

image of student response

Annotation: The student answers the question by stating that Cuddles changed Dan's life by allowing him to "go places and do stuff" and that Cuddles "makes Dan feels very safe and sucured." The student attempts to support this change by using information from the article to define where Dan can now go, "Because cuddles goes every where with him like on the plane up and down on escalaters." To further extend the idea that Dan now feels safe and secure, the student could have included an explanation of how Cuddles was taught to disobey Dan's commands when there is danger around.


Sample Student Response #2

image of student response

Annotation: The student answers the question by stating that Dan feels safe with Cuddles and that Cuddles "being his friend, protecting him," has changed Dan's life. The student uses an appropriate quote from the text as support—"The best thing about Cuddles is the freedom and independence she has given me,"—but does not provide examples from the text to show how Dan has found freedom and independence. For example, Dan can now go on airplanes and elevators and walk down the street feeling safe.


Sample Student Response #3

image of student response

Annotation: The student answers the question by stating that the horse changed Dan's life by helping him do things that he could not because he "needs help to see." The student has attempted to use text-based support by stating, "That if Dan tells Cuddles to cross the street when a car is coming Cuddles will not," but this information seems to support the idea that Dan is safer with Cuddles rather than being able to do things that he could not do before. The support provided does not clearly connect to the student's statement of how Dan's life was changed.


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