State Curriculum - Social Studies

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Grade PK Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities. Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to understand location and its relationship to human activities.
A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Recognize that a globe and maps are used to help people locate places
1. Identify and describe how a globe and maps can be used to help people locate places
1. Use geographic tools to locate and describe places on Earth
1. Use geographic tools to locate and describe places on Earth
a. Recognize that maps are models of places
a. Describe a globe as a model of Earth showing land and water
a. Locate the continents and oceans using maps and a globe
a. Identify the purpose and use of a globe and a variety of maps and atlases, such as school maps, neighborhood maps and simple atlases
b. Recognize that a globe is a model of Earth
b. Describe how maps are models showing physical features and/or human features of places
b. Use photographs and pictures to describe a place
b. Identify and use map elements, such as title, compass rose, simple grid system, legend/key, date, and author to interpret a map
c. Make maps by drawing, building with blocks, and playing with clay, puzzles, pictures, and photographs
c. Identify a location by using terms such as near-far, above-below, and here-there
c. Identify a place using bird's eye view
c. Identify the equator, poles, seven continents, four oceans, and countries on a map and globe
  d. Identify pictures and photographs that represent places on a map such as a playground and a fire station
d. Define map elements as parts of a map that make it easy to use
d. Describe a place using bird's eye view, and satellite images, photographs, and pictures
    e. Describe where places are located on a map using relative distance and direction, such as near-far, above-below and cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west)
 
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Recognize that places in the immediate environment have specific physical and human-made features
1. Describe places in the immediate environment using natural/physical and human-made features
1. Describe places in the environment using geographic characteristics
1. Classify places and regions in an environment using geographic characteristics
a. Discuss that places have natural/physical features such as mountains, rivers, and hills
a. Recognize physical features as landforms and bodies of water using photographs and pictures
a. Identify and describe physical characteristics of a place (physical features, climate, vegetation and animal life)
a. Identify natural/physical features and human-made features using maps and photographs
b. Discuss that places have human-made features, such as streets, buildings, and parks
b. Identify land forms, such as mountains and hills, and bodies of water, such as oceans, rivers, and streams
b. Identify human characteristics of a place (human-made features, language, political system, how people make a living)
b. Describe and classify regions using climate, vegetation, animal life, and natural/physical features
  c. Using photographs and pictures, recognize human-made features as modifications people have made to the land
c. Describe places by how people make a living and where they live
c. Classify places as rural and urban
  d. Identify human-made features, such as buildings, sidewalks, streets, and bridges
  d. Describe how geographic characteristics determine choices, such as climate guides decisions about food, clothing, and shelter
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Identify the role of transportation in the community
1. Describe how transportation and communication link people and places
1. Explain how transportation and communication link people and places by the movement of goods, messages, and people
1. Explain how transportation and communication link places by the movement of people, goods, and ideas
a. Recognize transportation as a means of traveling from place to place
a. Identify ways that people travel on land, water, and air
a. Identify how transportation links people and goods between places
a. Compare types of transportation used to move goods and people today and long ago
b. Identify ways in which people travel to various places in the community, such as bus, car, and bicycle
b. Explain how transportation is used to move goods and people from place to place
b. Explain how communication links people and messages between places
b. Compare ways people communicate ideas today and long ago
  c. Identify ways that people communicate messages
   
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Describe how people adapt to their immediate environment
1. Describe how people adapt to and modify their immediate environment
1. Explain how people modify, protect, and adapt to their environment
1. Explain how people modify, protect, and adapt to their environment
a. Identify ways people adapt to the environment, such as wearing clothing that is appropriate to the weather
a. Identify ways people adapt to the environment, such as wearing clothing that is appropriate to the weather
a. Describe how people in a community modify their environment to meet changing needs for shelter, such as clearing land for a housing community
a. Describe ways, such as clearing trees and farming land, that people modify their environment and the impact of those modifications
  b. Identify ways that people change their environment to meet their needs, such as planting crops or cutting forests
b. Describe why and how people protect the environment
b. Describe how and why people protect or fail to protect the environment
    c. Explain how people adapt to changes in the environment, such as using less water in the drought
c. Explain how people adapt to changes in the environment
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 6/20/2006