State Curriculum - Social Studies

Grade K
Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
A. Learn to Read and Construct Meaning about Social Studies
1. Develop and apply social studies vocabulary through exposure to a variety of text and portions of text
a. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to and reading a variety of grade-appropriate print and non-print sources
b. Discuss words and word meanings as they are encountered in texts, instruction, and conversation
c. Make connections to prior knowledge and new vocabulary by listening, reading, and responding to a variety of texts
2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
a. Make and explain the connections made using prior knowledge and experiences with the text
b. Make predictions or ask questions about the text by examining the title, cover, illustrations/photographs/text, and familiar author or topic
c. Set a purpose for reading the text
3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
a. Recall and discuss what they understand
b. Identify and question what did not make sense
c. Reread difficult parts slowly and carefully and use own words to restate difficult parts
d. Read on, revisit, and restate the difficult parts in your own words
e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
f. Ask and answer questions about the text
g. Periodically summarize while reading
h. Visualize what was read
i. Look back through the text to search for connection to the topic, characters, events, and actions in text
j. Explain personal connections to the topics, events, characters, and actions in texts
4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
a. Review/restate and explain what the text is mainly about
b. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text (details, literal meaning)
c. Identify and explain what is not stated in the text (implied or inferential meaning)
d. Summarize the text orally
e. Confirm, refute, or make predictions to form new ideas
f. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience
g. Engage in conversation to understand what has been read
h. Retell explicit and implicit main ideas of texts
i. Answer questions (what if, why, and how) in writing
B. Learn to Write and Communicate Social Studies Understandings
1. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade
a. Write to express social studies ideas using a variety of forms, such as journals, narratives, letters, and reports
b. Contribute to a shared writing experience about a social studies topic
c. Write a variety of responses to text, such as response logs, journals, and constructed responses
2. Locate, retrieve, and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose
a. Identify and use sources of information on a topic
b. Use note taking and organizational strategies to record and organize information
C. Ask Social Studies Questions
1. Identify a topic that requires further study
a. Identify prior knowledge about the topic
b. Pose questions about the topic
2. Identify a situation or problem that requires study
a. Define the problem/situation
b. Identify prior knowledge about the problem/situation
c. Pose/Ask questions about the problem/situation
D. Acquire Social Studies Information
1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
a. Gather and read appropriate print sources, such as journals, textbooks, timelines, and trade books
b. Read and obtain information from texts representing diversity in content and culture
c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, maps, graphs, photographs, and illustrations
2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied
a. Gather data
b. Make and record observations
c. Conduct surveys
E. Organize Social Studies Information
1. Organize information from non-print sources
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
b. Find relationships between gathered information
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers and charts
2. Organize information from print sources
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
b. Find relationships between gathered information
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts
F. Analyze Social Studies Information
1. Interpret information from secondary sources including pictures, graphics, maps, atlases, and timelines
a. Compare information from a variety of sources
b. Compare information to prior knowledge
c. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details
G. Answer Social Studies Questions
1. Describe how the community has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources
a. Present social studies information in a variety ways, such as plays, skits, posters, songs, poems, murals, and oral presentations
b. Plan and engage in school and community events, such as a mock election, playground clean-up, writing letters to community officials, and fund-raising for a cause


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:


Date: 6/20/2006