State Curriculum - Social Studies

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Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3
Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources. Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources. Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
A. Learn to Read and Construct Meaning about Social Studies A. Learn to Read and Construct Meaning about Social Studies A. Read to Learn and Construct Meaning about Social Studies
1. Develop and apply social studies vocabulary through exposure to a variety of text and portions of text
1. Develop and apply social studies vocabulary through exposure to a variety of text and portions of text
1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
a. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to and reading a variety of grade-appropriate print and non-print sources
a. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to and reading a variety of grade-appropriate print and non-print sources
a. Acquire and apply new vocabulary through investigating, listening, independent reading and discussing a variety of print and non-print sources
b. Discuss words and word meanings as they are encountered in texts, instruction, and conversation
b. Discuss words and word meanings as they are encountered in texts, instruction, and conversation
b. Identify and use new vocabulary acquired through study of relationships to prior knowledge and experiences
c. Make connections to prior knowledge and new vocabulary by listening, reading, and responding to a variety of texts
c. Make connections to prior knowledge and new vocabulary by listening, reading, and responding to a variety of texts
c. Use context clues to understand new social studies vocabulary
    d. Use new vocabulary in speaking and writing to gain and extend content knowledge and clarify expression
2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
a. Make and explain the connections made using prior knowledge and experiences with the text
a. Make and explain the connections made using prior knowledge and experiences with the text
a. Identify the characteristics of informational texts, such as print features, graphic aids, informational aids, organizational aids, and online features
b. Make predictions or ask questions about the text by examining the title, cover, illustrations/photographs/text, and familiar author or topic
b. Make predictions or ask questions about the text by examining the title, cover, illustrations/photographs/text, and familiar author or topic
b. Preview the text by examining features, such as the title, pictures, maps, illustrations, photographs, charts, timelines, graphs, and icons
c. Set a purpose for reading the text
c. Set a purpose for reading the text
c. Set a purpose for reading the text
    d. Ask questions and make predictions about the text
    e. Make connections to the text using prior knowledge and experiences
3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
a. Recall and discuss what they understand
a. Recall and discuss what they understand
a. Identify and use knowledge of organizational structures, such as chronological order, cause/effect, main ideas and details, description, similarities/differences, and problem/solution to gain meaning
b. Identify and question what did not make sense
b. Identify and question what did not make sense
b. Reread slowly and carefully, restate, or read on and revisit difficult parts
c. Reread difficult parts slowly and carefully and use own words to restate difficult parts
c. Reread difficult parts slowly and carefully and use own words to restate difficult parts
c. Use a graphic organizer or another note-taking technique to record important ideas or information
d. Read on, revisit, and restate the difficult parts in your own words
d. Read on, revisit, and restate the difficult parts in your own words
d. Look back through the text to search for connections between and among ideas
e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions about the text
f. Ask and answer questions about the text
f. Ask and answer questions about the text
f. Periodically summarize or paraphrase important ideas while reading
g. Periodically summarize while reading
g. Periodically summarize while reading
g. Visualize what was read for deeper meaning
h. Visualize what was read
h. Visualize what was read
h. Explain personal connections to the ideas or information in the text
i. Look back through the text to search for connection to the topic, characters, events, and actions in text
i. Look back through the text to search for connection to the topic, characters, events, and actions in text
 
j. Explain personal connections to the topics, events, characters, and actions in texts
j. Explain personal connections to the topics, events, characters, and actions in texts
 
4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
a. Review/restate and explain what the text is mainly about
a. Review/restate and explain what the text is mainly about
a. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text
b. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text (details, literal meaning)
b. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text (details, literal meaning)
b. Identify, paraphrase, or summarize the main idea of the text
c. Identify and explain what is not stated in the text (implied or inferential meaning)
c. Identify and explain what is not stated in the text (implied or inferential meaning)
c. Determine and explain the author's purpose
d. Summarize the text orally
d. Summarize the text orally
d. Distinguish between facts and opinions
e. Confirm, refute, or make predictions to form new ideas
e. Confirm, refute, or make predictions to form new ideas
e. Explain whether or not the author's opinion is presented fairly
f. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience
f. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience
f. Explain what is not directly stated in the text by drawing inferences
g. Engage in conversation to understand what has been read
g. Engage in conversation to understand what has been read
g. Confirm or refute predictions made about the text to form new ideas
h. Retell explicit and implicit main ideas of texts
h. Retell explicit and implicit main ideas of texts
h. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experiences
i. Answer questions (what if, why, and how) in writing
i. Answer questions (what if, why, and how) in writing
i. Draw conclusions and make generalizations based on the text, multiple texts, and/or prior knowledge
B. Learn to Write and Communicate Social Studies Understandings B. Learn to Write and Communicate Social Studies Understandings B. Write to Learn and Communicate Social Studies Understandings
1. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade
1. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade
1. Use informal writing strategies, such as journal writing, note taking, quick writes, and graphic organizers to clarify, organize, remember and/or express new understandings
a. Write to express social studies ideas using a variety of forms, such as journals, narratives, letters, and reports
a. Write to express social studies ideas using a variety of forms, such as journals, narratives, letters, and reports
a. Identify key ideas
b. Contribute to a shared writing experience about a social studies topic
b. Contribute to a shared writing experience about a social studies topic
b. Connect key ideas to prior knowledge (personal experience, text, and world)
c. Write a variety of responses to text, such as response logs, journals, and constructed responses
c. Write a variety of responses to text, such as response logs, journals, and constructed responses
 
2. Locate, retrieve, and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose
2. Locate, retrieve, and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose
2. Use formal writing, such as multi-paragraph essays, historical investigations, research reports, letters and summaries to inform
a. Identify and use sources of information on a topic
a. Identify and use sources of information on a topic
a. Identify form, audience, topic, and purpose before writing
b. Use note taking and organizational strategies to record and organize information
b. Use note taking and organizational strategies to record and organize information
b. Organize facts and/or data to support a topic
    c. Provide introduction, body, and conclusion
    d. Cite sources of information
3. Use formal writing, such as multi-paragraph essays, historical investigations, editorials, and letters to persuade
    a. Identify form audience, topic and purpose
    b. State a clear opinion or position
    c. Support the opinion or position with facts and/or data
4. Use timed, on-demand writing to demonstrate understanding on assessments (Constructed Responses)
    a. Address the topic
    b. Provide accurate information
    c. Support topic with appropriate details
    d. Incorporate social studies knowledge
C. Ask Social Studies Questions C. Ask Social Studies Questions C. Ask Social Studies Questions
1. Identify a topic that requires further study
1. Identify a topic that requires further study
1. Identify a topic that requires further study
a. Identify prior knowledge about the topic
a. Identify prior knowledge about the topic
a. Identify prior knowledge about the topic
b. Pose questions about the topic
b. Pose questions about the topic
b. Pose questions the about the topic
    c. Formulate research questions
    d. Develop a plan for how to answer questions about the topic
2. Identify a situation or problem that requires study
2. Identify a situation or problem that requires study
2. Identify a problem/situation that requires further study
a. Define the problem/situation
a. Define the problem/situation
a. Define the problem/situation
b. Identify prior knowledge about the problem/situation
b. Identify prior knowledge about the problem/situation
b. Identify prior knowledge about the problem/situation
c. Pose/Ask questions about the problem/situation
c. Pose/Ask questions about the problem/situation
c. Pose questions about the problem/ situation from a variety of perspectives
    d. Pose questions that elicit higher order thinking responses
    e. Formulate simple research questions
    f. Develop a plan for how to answer questions about the problem/situation
D. Acquire Social Studies Information D. Acquire Social Studies Information D. Acquire Social Studies Information
1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
a. Gather and read appropriate print sources, such as journals, textbooks, timelines, and trade books
a. Gather and read appropriate print sources, such as journals, textbooks, timelines, and trade books
a. Gather and read appropriate print sources, such as textbooks, government documents, timelines, trade books, and web sites
b. Read and obtain information from texts representing diversity in content and culture
b. Read and obtain information from texts representing diversity in content and culture
b. Read and obtain information from texts representing diversity in content, culture, authorship, and perspective
c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, maps, graphs, photographs, and illustrations
c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, maps, graphs, photographs, and illustrations
c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, artifacts, charts, maps, graphs, photographs, video clips, illustrations, paintings, political cartoons, interviews, and oral histories
2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied
2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied
2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied
a. Gather data
a. Gather data
a. Gather data
b. Make and record observations
b. Make and record observations
b. Make and record observations
c. Conduct surveys
c. Conduct surveys
c. Design and conduct surveys and oral histories
E. Organize Social Studies Information E. Organize Social Studies Information E. Organize Social Studies Information
1. Organize information from non-print sources
1. Organize information from non-print sources
1. Organize information from non-print sources
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
a. Prioritize information gathered according to importance and relevance
b. Find relationships between gathered information
b. Find relationships between gathered information
b. Distinguish factual from fictional information
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers and charts
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers and charts
c. Find relationships between gathered information
    d. Display information on various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts
    e. Categorize information obtained from surveys and field work
2. Organize information from print sources
2. Organize information from print sources
2. Organize information from print sources
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
a. Distinguish factual from fictional information
a. Prioritize information gathered according to importance and relevance
b. Find relationships between gathered information
b. Find relationships between gathered information
b. Distinguish factual from fictional information
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts
c. Display information on various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts
c. Find relationships between gathered information
    d. Construct various types of graphic organizers, maps, and charts to display information
F. Analyze Social Studies Information F. Analyze Social Studies Information F. Analyze Social Studies Information
1. Interpret information from secondary sources including pictures, graphics, maps, atlases, and timelines
1. Interpret information from secondary sources including pictures, graphics, maps, atlases, and timelines
1. Interpret information from primary and secondary sources
a. Compare information from a variety of sources
a. Compare information from a variety of sources
a. Interpret information in maps, charts and graphs
b. Compare information to prior knowledge
b. Compare information to prior knowledge
b. Interpret information from field studies and surveys
c. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details
c. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details
c. Analyze a document to determine point of view
    d. Analyze the perspective of the author
    e. Identify the bias and prejudice
2. Evaluate information from a variety of sources
    a. Compare information from a variety of sources
    b. Compare information to prior knowledge
    c. Determine the reliability of the document
3. Synthesize information from a variety of sources
    a. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details
G. Answer Social Studies Questions G. Answer Social Studies Questions G. Answer Social Studies Questions
1. Describe how the community has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources
1. Describe how the community has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources
1. Describe how the country has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources
a. Present social studies information in a variety ways, such as plays, skits, posters, songs, poems, murals, and oral presentations
a. Present social studies information in a variety ways, such as plays, skits, posters, songs, poems, murals, and oral presentations
a. Present social studies information in a variety ways, such as mock trials, simulations, debates, and skits
b. Plan and engage in school and community events, such as a mock election, playground clean-up, writing letters to community officials, and fund-raising for a cause
b. Plan and engage in school and community events, such as a mock election, playground clean-up, writing letters to community officials, and fund-raising for a cause
b. Engage in civic participation and public discourse
2. Use historic contexts to answer questions
    a. Use historically accurate resources to answer questions, make predictions, and support ideas
    b. Explain why historic interpretations vary and are subject to change
    c. Construct a sound historical interpretation
3. Use current events/issues to answer questions
    a. Summarize the main points of an issue explaining different viewpoints
    b. Make a decision based on the analysis of issues and evaluate the consequences of these decisions
    c. Identify and formulate a position on a course of action or an issue
    d. Propose and justify solutions to social studies problems
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 6/20/2006