School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 5

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 4. Determine and analyze important ideas and messages in informational texts

Objective j. Connect the text to prior knowledge or experience


Have students choose a topic of interest, such as skateboarding, horseback, riding, playing basketball etc. Have students list their prior knowledge and experience related to this topic. Have students use online resources and/or informational texts to locate information on the same topic and determine how their prior knowledge relates to the resources that they located and explored. Ask students to suggest additional information that they feel should have been included in the resources they used. Students may also share what items could be deleted from those same sources that would not change the meaning of the selection.


Students complete a KWL organizer on a topic selected by the teacher. The teacher will select informational passages that contain text/print features, include: titles, subheadings, bold print, italics, etc. Students are directed to review the text and think about what they already know or have read about the topic. Students will share their knowledge with a partner or a small group. The students will read the text. As a group students will determine which text is the best developed text, or the text that provided them with information that extended their understanding of the topic.


Provide students with informational text. Prior to reading the text have students share their experience/s and prior knowledge that they possess with the given topic. Students will read the text and complete a graphic organizer. They will combine prior knowledge and experience with information from the text to draw a conclusion about the text.


The teacher will present students with a topic that appeals to the students' age and interests. Students will brainstorm their collective knowledge and experience with this topic. Next students will read an assigned informational text on the topic. After reading students will list any new information about the topic they learned from the text. Share their new learning with the remainder of the class.